By Glenn Williamson, CEO & Founder Canada Arizona Business Council
It is very Important to remember that the new NAFTA (in U.S.) CUSMA (in Canada) and T-MEC(in Mexico) should enter into force on or around July 1st 2020 We need to start thinking about how that will effect Arizona and start to plan for those changes in things like.
1. Uniform Regulation changes
2.Customs Clearance and border issues including the elimination of the NAFTA certificates of Origin
3.How this will effect supply chain activity in Arizona an and is your company prepared?
Following are some of the key differences between NAFTA and the USMCA:
Certification of Origin
- Under the USMCA, importers will no longer be required to complete a formal certification document.
- Certification of origin can be achieved using informal documentation, such as commercial invoices and can be completed by importer, exporter or producer.
- Previous NAFTA certificates and certification documentation under USMCA must be kept for a minimum of five years.
- The USMCA changed the threshold within which low-value goods could enter each country duty free.
- The de minimis thresholds under USMCA are:
- Canada – $150 CAD for customs and $40 CAD for taxes
- Mexico – $117 USD for customs and $50 USD for taxes
- United States – $800 USD
- NAFTA Chapter 20, country-to-country dispute resolution mechanism maintained
- NAFTA Chapter 19, anti-dumping/countervailing duty dispute-resolution mechanism maintained
- NAFTA Chapter 11, investor-state dispute resolution mechanism (ISDS) eliminated between Canada and the United States, but maintained between the U.S. and Mexico.
Automotive Rules of Origin and Regional Value Content
- Total North American content of a vehicle must equal 75% (up from 62.5%).
- 70% of all steel, aluminum, and glass used in the production of the automobile must originate in North America. In the Protocol of Amendment, the definition of steel was modified to note that it must be “melted and poured” in North America in order to qualify for duty exemption. The new definition will take effect seven years after the USCMA’s implementation. The definition of aluminum remains the same as under NAFTA but will be revisited 10 years after the USMCA’s implementation.
- Part content will be divided up into core, principal, and complementary parts with content requirements of 75%, 65%, and 60% respectively.
- 40% of an automobile and 45% of a light truck must be produced using an average labor wage of $16/hour.
- Quotas totalling 2.6 million Canadian and Mexican vehicles (well above the current 1.8 million) were established the USMCA
- Quotas of $32.4 billion in Canadian auto parts imports and $108 billion in Mexican auto parts imports were established in the USMCA
Dairy Market Access
- Restrictions on the import of U.S. ultra-filtered milk into Canada have been removed
- U.S. producers will have access to an additional 3.6% of Canada’s dairy market
- Canada’s dairy supply management system, which places limits on foreign imports is maintained
- Patent changes on biologics in the original agreement were to be set at 10 year for all countries. However, the Protocol of Amendments removed this provision, leaving the patent period the same as it was under NAFTA – five years in Mexico, 12 years in U.S. and eight years in Canada.
- The term of copyright was extended from 50 years after an author’s death to 70 years.
- The terms of USMCA will remain in effect for a period of 16 years, at which time the parties can choose to revisit and/or renegotiate those terms, or withdraw from the agreement altogether.
- However, after six years, the term of USMCA’s sunset (16 years) can be revisited and potentially extended if the parties feel doing so would be beneficial.
Section 232 Tariffs
- The United States maintains the right to impose tariffs under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, which authorizes the president to impose tariffs on the grounds of national security.
- Such tariffs were imposed on Canada and Mexico, as well as a number of other countries in the summer of 2018. Canada and Mexico imposed countermeasures on U.S. consumer goods, but the parties resolved the dispute in the Spring of 2019.
- A side letter was signed as part of the USMCA to provide Canada and Mexico with a consultation period of 60 days before Section 232 tariffs could be applied on Canadian or Mexican goods.
The Canada Arizona Business Council in association with specific CABC members are available to help answer these questions and many others that are going to come up. We have just over 60 days to prepare for these changes to our Canada Arizona Mexico supply chains.
Stay tuned more coming on this subject.